Structure of the reentrant circuit of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia: new insights into the role of the Purkinje network.

Abstract

In idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT), the reentrant circuit is considered to involve the Purkinje system, and the Purkinje potential (P-potential) appears to be a marker for successful ablation. However, the characteristics of the reentrant circuit in ILVT have not yet been defined. In 2 cases of ILVT, we performed detailed mapping along the left ventricular septum during VT and sinus rhythm. ILVTs were successfully ablated at the posteroapical area of the left ventricular septum where the high frequency P-potential was recorded and this portion was considered to be the exit site of the reentrant circuit. A small P-potential was also recorded at the portion proximal to the exit site, and it preceded the P-potential at the exit site. However, the local ventricular electrogram at the exit site preceded that at the proximal site during VT. Moreover, the small P-potential was orthodromically entrained by ventricular pacing from the proximal site. These findings suggest that the reentry circuit of ILVT appeared to have considerable size.

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