Since their very first days, electron transfer has always played a special role in carbon nanotubes' life. In view of their structural and electronic uniqueness, carbon nanotubes have been proposed either as bulk electrode materials for sensing and biosensing in advanced electrochemical devices, or as molecular-sized electrodes for very fast electrode kinetics investigations. Alternatively, electron transfer has been used to probe the electronic properties of carbon nanotubes by either direct voltammetric inspection or coupling with spectroscopic techniques, ultimately allowing, in the case of true solutions of individual uncut single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), to single-out their redox potentials as a function of diameter. For their redox properties, as emerged from these studies, SWNTs represent unique building blocks for the construction of photofunctional nanosystems to be used in efficient light energy conversion devices.
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